An Overview of English


Children in Foundation and Key Stage One follow the Oxford Reading Tree scheme. The books provide a variety of Fiction, Non-Fiction and Poetry texts for the children to enjoy. These books are colour banded and every term we assess the children’s reading skills through PGM benchmarking scheme. The appropriate colour banded books are sent home as home reading books and used as part of guided reading to help develop reading skills in class.  In Key Stage 2, readers develop independence by moving from the Oxford Reading Scheme books to free library choice.  A greater emphasis is placed on reading comprehension skills, such as inference, prediction, deduction and information retrieval. Regular guided reading sessions are implemented into weekly lessons to improve reading and comprehension skills further.


At St Joseph The Worker we follow the ‘Power Of Reading’ Scheme, using quality based texts over a half term and creating lots of opportunities to produce many different pieces of writing within one unit. We also use this text to map out ideas into our topic work across the curriculum. Many classes will give home school projects linked to the text they are studying.


The teaching of phonics is taught through ‘Letters and Sounds’ from nursery to year 2. (for some key stage 2 classes were needed) Daily 30 minute lessons take place in key stage 1 and 20 minutes in early years. Half termly assessments take place which inform phonic groups in early years and in key stage 1.

This booklet explains why phonics should be used as a teaching aid and provides links to other resources.


This leaflet provides information on the purpose of the Year 1 Phonics Check and includes the words used in the checks administered in 2012 – 2018.


High frequency (common) words are those that recur frequently in much of the written material young children read and that they need when they write.

The vast majority of words are decodable once letter sounds have been taught. When children first begin to read and write simple sentences, however, they will need to use common words containing spellings that they have not yet been taught.

They will also need to use words that have unusual spellings (such as ‘here’, ‘does’, ‘was’, ‘one’) These are known as ‘tricky’ words and need to be learned by heart.

This leaflet is a list of the 300 most common words in order of frequency.


This is useful for any parent whose child is learning to read with Letters and Sounds during Reception Year at school.

The 20-page information leaflet includes:
* A brief overview of the Letters and Sounds programme
* The suggested order for teaching the letter sounds during Phases 2 -4 (Reception Year) along with examples of words to show how to pronounce the sounds.
* The ‘tricky’ words that children need to learn in Reception Year
* The words children are able to read as they progress with learning letter sounds


Useful for any parent who would like to record their child’s progress in learning their letter sounds.

The 7-page leaflet can be used to assess your child’s current knowledge and record their progress whatever phonic reading programme they may be following. Covers all the main letter sounds of English (including alternative spellings of sounds).


Hear the Sounds

Make Learning Fun & Click on the letters to hear the sounds


Free, unlimited access to selected games and teaching ideas across several phases – play these as many times as you like!



The teaching of handwriting is taught through ‘Letter-join’ which is an online handwriting resource.  This is taught from nursery to year 6.

Pupils are encouraged to develop fluent lines of correctly orientated letters from an early age and emergent writing is encouraged. Letter formation and handwriting is taught and modelled using a range of resources. Pen licenses are given to children in key stage 2 who display a consistent fluent joined handwriting style.

If you would like to find out anything further about these schemes please find below some websites which will give you more information.

Core Text Displays

Pictures of our English displays linked to the reading books we have studied